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Lakes

The lakes with glacial origin

The presence of the quaternary glaciers in the Carpathian Mountains determined the formation of the glacial circuses and valleys, many of them sheltering afterwards lakes. They are to be found at altitudes over 1900-2000 m.

In Rodna Mountains the following lakes are to be found:Lala Mare Lake, Buhaiescu Lake, Iezeru Pietrosului Lake, Repedea Lake.

  • Lala Mare Lake has an aria of 5637 square meters and it is 1,6 meters in deep.
  • Lala Mica Lake has an aria of 1550 square meters and it is 0,4 meters in deep.

In Fagaras Mountains there are 30 glacial lakes, among them being Balea Lake, Capra Lake, Avrig Lake, Caltun Lake, Urlea Lake, Podragu Lake, Podragel Lake, Doamnei Lake.

  • Balea Lake is situated at an altitude of 2034 meters. It has an aria of 0,46 square kilometers and it has a maximum depth of 11 meters. Surrounding the lake a reservation was settled. The Transfagarasan road is located in the vicinity of Balea Lake. The Balea Lake Challet is situated on the lakeside.
  • Capra Lake is situated at an altitude of 2230 meters. It has an aria of 1,8 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 8 meters.
  • Avrig Lake is situated at an altitude of 2011 meters. It has an aria of 1,48 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 4,5 meters.
  • Caltun Lake is situated at an altitude of 2175 meters. It has an aria of 0,8 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 11,8 meters.
  • Urlea Lake is situated at an altitude of 2170 meters. It has an aria of 2,15 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 4 meters.
  • Podragu Lake is situated at an altitude of 2171 meters. It has a surface of 2,85 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 15,5 meters.
  • Podragel Lake is situated at an altitude of 1993 meters. It has an aria of 0,71 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 3,9 meters.

In Parang Mountains there are to be found the following lakes: Galcescu Lake, Slaveiu Lake, Mija Lake, Rosiile Lake, Lacul Lung Lake, Pasarea Lake, Lacul fara Fund Lake, Taul Inghetat Lake, Mandra Lake.

  • Galcescu Lake is situated at an altitude of 1925 meters. It has an aria of 3 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 9,3 meters.
  • Slaveiu Lake is situated at an altitude of 2015 meters. It has an aria of 3,3 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 6,1 meters.

 

in Retezat Mountains the majority of the Romanian glacial lakes are to be found, the most representative ones being Bucura Lake, Lia Lake, Ana Lake, Viorica Lake, Florica Lake, Taul Portii Lake, Taul Agatat Lake, Galesul Lake, Zanoaga Lake, Zanoguta Lake, Judele Lake, Taul Rasucit Lake, Taul Unit Lake, Taul Ascuns Lake, Taul Portii Lake, Taul Turcel Lake, Taul Gemenele Lake.

  • Bucura Lake is the largest glacial lake from Romania (10,8 hectares ). It is situated at an altitude of 2041 meters. It has a maximum depth of 15,7 meters. The lake is populated with trouts.
  • Lia Lake is located lower than Bucura Lake. It has an aria of 1,3 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 4,3 meters.
  • Ana Lake is situated at an altitude of 1930 meters. It occupies an aria of 3,13 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 11,6 meters.
  • Viorica Lake is situated at an altitude of 2070 meters. It has an aria of 0,94 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 5,7 meters.
  • Galesu Lake is situated at an altitude of 2040 meters. It has a surface of 3,68 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 20,5 meters.
  • Zanoaga Lake is situated at an altitude of 1997 meters. It has an aria of 6,5 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 29 meters, being the deepest glacial lake from Romania.
  • Judele Lake is situated at an altitude of 2202 meters. It has an aria of 0,84 square meters and it has a maximum depth of 4,05 meters.
  • Taul Agatat Lake is situated at an altitude of 2208 meters. It has an aria of 0,11 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 2,3 meters.
  • Taul Ascuns Lake is situated at an altitude of 2180 meters. It has an aria of 0,38 square meters and it has a maximum depth of 1,7 meters.
Sfanta Ana Lake

Location: Sfanta Ana is located in the Ciomatu Mountain, nearby Baile Tusnad locality, Harghita County.

Description: Sfanta Ana Lake is a lake of volcanic origin. It is situated at an altitude of 950 meters. The lake is round shaped, having 620 meters in length and 460 meters in width. It has an aria of 22 hectares and it is 7,1 meters deep. Sfanta Ana Lake was declared a natural protected reservation. The Mohos marsh is located 1 km far from the lake.

Rosu Lake (Red Lake)

Location: is situated on the upper course of Bicaz River, Harghita County.

Description: Rosu Lake is a lake formed behind a natural barrage and it is situated at an altitude of 980 meters. The lake was formed in 1837 when Ghicos Stone fell suddenly, blocking the Bicaz Valley. The lake is known also by the name Ucigasul (the Killer). It has an aria of 12,6 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 10,5 meters. The Lacu Rosu Resort is located on the lakeside.

The karstic lakes

The most interesting karstic lakes are: Ighiu Lake (in Trascau Mountains), Varasoaia Lake (in Bihor Mountains), Zaton Lake, Ponor Lake (in Mehedinti Plateau), Taul Batran Lake (Padurea Craiului Mountains), Ochiul Beiului Lake (Aninei Mountains).

Ighiu Lake is situated nearby Ighiel Village, Alba County. It is situated at an altitude of 940 meters. It has an aria of 5,26 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 9 meters.

Zaton Lake is located in Mehedinti County, in the karstic region named Ponoarele. It has an aria of 20 hectares.

The salty lakes

The salty lakes are very important as they are one of the elements which sustain the therapeutic cures in the spas.

The lakes formed in the salt massifs are either of natural origin or artificial ones (which were formed in the former salt mines).
Most of the artificial lakes are situated in Transylvania, in the vicinity of Ocna Mures, Ocna Sibiu, Ocna Dej, Turda, Cojocna, Sic. In the hilly region called in Romanian “Subcarpati” there are to be found the following lakes: Baia Baciului Lake, Baia Rosie Lake, Baia Verde Lake, Telega Lake, Sarata-Buzau Lake, Ocnele Mari, Govora. Ocna Sugatag Lake and Costiui Lake are located in Maramures region .

The most important natural salty lakes are to be found in Sovata-Praid region: Ursu Lake, Alunis Lake, Verde Lake, Rosu Lake.

The most important salty lakes from the plain region used in the balneal cures are: Amara Lake, Sarat Lake, Balta Alba Lake.

Amara Lake
is located at 7 km far from Slobozia city. It has an aria of 156 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 3 meters. On the bottom of the lake there is sapropelic mud with acknowledged therapeutically qualities. The water of the lake is rich in many minerals. These features of the lake determined the settlement of Amara Spa.

Sarat Lake (Salty Lake)
is located at 5 km far from Braila city. It has an aria of 1,72 square kilometers and it is 1 meter deep. The water of the lake is very rich in minerals and on the bottom of the lake there is sapropelic mud with therapeutically qualities. These features of the lake determined the settlement of the homonymous Spa.

Balta Alba Lake
is located at 56 km far from Buzau. It has an aria of 1012 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 4 meters. On the bottom of the lake there is sapropelic mud. The qualities of the water and that of the mud determined the settlement of the Balta Alba Spa.

The salty lakes from the seaside have a considerably mineralization and they are recommended for balneal tourism. The most important of them are: Techirghiol Lake, Costinesti Lake, Mangalia Lake, Agigea Lake.

Techirghiol Lake
is located at 17 km far from Constanta city. It has an aria of 11,61 square kilometers and it has a maximum depth of 9,7 meters. The sapropelic mud from the bottom of the lake has remarkable therapeutically qualities. The qualities of the water and those of the mud determined the settlement of some spas on the lakeside: Eforie Nord Spa, Eforie Sud Spa and Techirgiol Spa.

Mangalia Lake
is located nearby the homonymous locality. It has an aria of 2,61 square kilometers and it has a maximum depth of 13 meters. Thermal sulphur water springs are to be found on the lakeside. These qualities determined the settlement of the homonymous spa.

Agigea Lake
is located in the vicinity of Agigea commune. It has an aria of 64 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 70 cm. The salty water and the sapropelic mud recommended the settlement of Agigea Spa.

The lakes from Danube Delta

There are over 450 lakes in Danube Delta. They are recommended for the fishing or hunting fans, for nautical sports or simply for leisure. Fortuna Lake, Puiu Lake, Rosu Lake, Matita Lake, Merhei Lake, Dranov Lake, Gorgova Lake, Bogdaproste Lake, Isac Lake are well-known.

The artificial lakes

Although their initial aim was to serve the economical purpose the artificial lakes soon became tourist attractions due to their landscape value and to the easy access towards them. Izvoru Muntelui Lake, Vidra Lake, Vidraru Lake, Fantanele Lake, Valiug Lake, Oasa Lake are well-known and also very visited by the tourists.

Izvoru Muntelui Lake
is located at the feet of Ceahlau Mountain, nearby Bicaz locality. It has an aria of 32,6 hectares and it has a maximum depth of 96 meters. Teiului Stone rises from its waters. This stone is 23 meters high. The water of the lake is rich in fish (trout, chubs, barbels).

Vidra Lake
is located on Lotru River course. It has an aria of 940 hectares.

Vidraru Lake
is located on Arges River course, at 66 km far from Pitesti city. You can easily reach Vidraru Lake by following the Transfagarasan Rode. Vidraru Lake has an aria of 893 hectares and it is 155 meters deep. The water of the lake are rich in fish (trout, chubs, barbels). The lake is recommended for nautical sports or simply for leisure.

Fantanele Lake
is located on Somesul Cald River course, in the vicinity of Belis commune, Cluj County. The lake has an aria of 8,15 square kilometers.

Valiug Lake
is located on Barzava River course, in the vicinity of Valiug commune, Caras-Severin County. The lake has an aria of 59 hectares. The lake is recommended for leisure. In Valiug commune there is a trout nursery pond.

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