Danube Delta is situated on the eastern part
of Romania. There is a lot of things you can say about Danube
Delta and many of them in the superlative. Danube Delta is
the youngest land of Europe. Considering its size, Danube
Delta is ranking in the second place after Volga Delta. The
largest and the most compact aria covered by reed from the
world is to be found in Danube Delta (240.000 hectares). Danube
Delta is a unique place not only from Europe but also from
the entire world due to its great diversity and beautiful
landscapes. It is a strange combination of running or stagnant
waters with land.
Danube Delta’s vegetation is considered
to be a tourist attraction. The aquatic vegetation is represented
by all kind of floating plants (white water lilies, yellow
water lilies), submerged plants (Potamogeton, Ceratophyllum)
or by reed. The land vegetation is represented by riverside
coppices (willows, poplars), sand plants, and salty land plants.
The forests called by the locals “hasmacuri” which
can be found on the marine sand dunes Letea and Caraorman
are very interesting. These forests are made of oaks, poplars,
ashes, elm trees, climbing plants like Periploca graeca, Vitis
silvestris, Hedra helix and they look like tropical forests.
Danube Delta is acknowledged as the “Bird
paradise”. There over 310 species of birds in Danube
Delta: cormorants, pelicans, wild ducks, heron, egrets, white
and black swans, eagles, common herons, woodcocks and spoonbills.
Among these over 80 species of birds are migratory, Danube
Delta being a crossroad of six migratory routes.
Among the mammals we can count hermines, minks,
wild cats, foxes and wild boars. The ichthyofauna is represented
by over 160 species of fish (mackerels, pikes, pike perches,
carps, sheatfishes, crucian carps), the sturgeons (white sturgeons,
stor sturgeons, common sturgeons, starlets) being the most
appreciated as the caviar is considered to be a culinary dainty.
Danube Delta was declared a natural protected
Biosphere Reservation, being included in the UNESCO world
heritage list. The main tourist regions which were accepted
by the Administration of Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation
are: Letea-C.A.Rosetti, Chilia-Pardina, Matita-Bogdaproste,
Gorgova-Uzlina, Rosu-Puiu, Grindul Lupilor-Chituc, Mila 36-23,
the coastline (Sulina, Sfantu Gheorghe, Portita).